Glossary of Training Terms

Aerobic endurance

The ability of the heart and lungs, to work for a long period of time without tiring.

Aerobic exercise

Extended durations of training done at a low intensity

Aerobic

With oxygen

Anaerobic

Without oxygen

Anaerobic exercise

Short durations of training done at high intensity

"off" a time

The start time of the next repetition

Active recovery

Recovering whilst moving at low intensity

Anaerobic threshold (AT)

The point lactic acid starts to accumulate in muscles

Cadence

Measurement used to describe speed of revolution or cycle

Dynamic stretches

Stretching whilst moving

Feed station

Area where competitors can take a drink

Fartlek

Varying speeds, distances and intensities.

Hitting the wall

The point where a competitor can no longer proceed due to insufficient energy

Interval training

Brief bouts of high intensity movement followed by low intensity recovery period

Lactate threshold

The highest intensity rate which you can sustain (up to 30 mins) without building lactic acid

Metabolic rate

The body's energy expenditure per unit of time

Muscular endurance

The ability of a muscle/s to work without tiring

Negative split

Speed or intensity increase

PB

Personal best

Phasing

Periods of training

Power

Combination of strength and speed.

Pyramid

Training method that builds in duration, distance or intensity and then reduces again.

Set

A series of repetitions

Static recovery

Recovering whilst stationary

Static stretches

Stretching whilst stationary

Split

A time given to a proportion of training or racing

Strides

Speed or intensity increase by a set distance

Tempo

Pace of activity

TT (or time trial)

An individual’s race against the clock

Threshold

The point that must be exceeded to begin producing a given effect or result.

Vo2 max

The highest rate at which oxygen can be taken up and used during exercise